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Wembley Stadium

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Wembley Stadium (often referred to simply as Wembley, pronounced /ˈwɛmbli/, or sometimes as the New Wembley) is a football stadium located in Wembley Park, in the Borough of Brent, London, England. It opened in 2007 and was built on the site of the previous 1923 Wembley Stadium. The earlier Wembley stadium, originally called the Empire Stadium, was often referred to as "The Twin Towers" and was one of the world's most famous football stadiums until its demolition in 2003.[4]

The 90,000-capacity venue is the second largest stadium in Europe, and serves as England's national stadium. It is the home venue of the England national football team, and hosts the latter stages of the top level domestic club cup competition, the FA Cup. It held UEFA five-star stadium status which was superseded by a new system of classification. It is owned by English football's governing body, The Football Association (The FA), through their subsidiary Wembley National Stadium Ltd (WNSL).

Designed by Foster and Partners and Populous (then HOK Sport), it includes a partially retractable roof. A signature feature of the stadium, following on from the old Wembley's distinctive Twin Towers, is the 134 metres (440 ft) high Wembley Arch. With a span of 317 metres (1,040 ft), this steel arch is the longest single span roof structure in the world. The stadium was built by Australian firm Multiplex at a cost of £798 million. The old Wembley closed in October 2000, with demolition originally intended for that December and the new stadium due to open in 2003. After delays to the project, with demolition first started in September 2002, the old Wembley was not completely demolished until February 2003, with the new stadium scheduled to open in time for the 2006 FA Cup Final. After further delays, the stadium was delivered nearly a year late, leading to legal disputes between WNSL and Multiplex, who ultimately made a significant loss on the project. The stadium was handed over on 9 March 2007, in time to host the 2007 FA Cup Final.

In international football, the stadium was a central component of the English 2018 and 2022 FIFA World Cup bids. In 2012 it will host the football finals of the London Olympics. In club football, in addition to the FA Cup the stadium also hosts the showpiece season opening game the FA Community Shield match, played in August between the winners of the FA Cup and the top-level Premier League. In mid-season it also hosts the finals of the Football League Cup and Football League Trophy. At the end of the domestic season the stadium also hosts the latter stages of the Football League play-offs. In European football, it is due to host the 2011 Champions League Final. In friendly tournaments, since 2009 it has been the venue of the summer Wembley Cup. Outside of football, the stadium also hosts major rugby league games, such as the Challenge Cup. The stadium is also an annual regular season venue for the American National Football League's International Series, the first such venue outside North America. Non-sporting uses include large concerts by artists such as Green Day, Muse, Oasis, Take That, Metallica, U2 and Madonna as well as hosting in July 2007 the Concert for Diana and Live Earth concert.

Stadium
Wembley Stadium exterior

Wembley was designed by architects Foster + Partners and Populous (known as HOK Sport at the time of the design phase and construction) and with engineers Mott MacDonald, built by Australian company Brookfield Multiplex and funded by Sport England, WNSL (Wembley National Stadium Limited), the Football Association, the Department for Culture Media and Sport and the London Development Agency. It is one of the most expensive stadiums ever built at a cost of £798 million (After New Meadowlands Stadium)[1][5] and has the largest roof-covered seating capacity in the world. Nathaniel Lichfield and Partners was appointed to assist Wembley National Stadium Limited in preparing the scheme for a new stadium and to obtain planning and listed building permission for the development.[6]
Inside Wembley Stadium

The all-seater stadium is based around a bowl design with a capacity of 90,000, protected from the elements by a sliding roof that does not completely enclose it. It can also be adapted as an athletic stadium by erecting a temporary platform over the lowest tier of seating.[7] The stadium's signature feature is a circular section lattice arch of 7 m (23 ft) internal diameter with a 315 m (1,033 ft) span, erected some 22° off true, and rising to 133 m (436 ft). It supports all the weight of the north roof and 60% of the weight of the retractable roof on the southern side.[8] The archway is the world's longest unsupported roof structure.[9] Instead of the 39 steps climbed, in the original stadium, to enter the Royal Box and collect a trophy, there are now 107.[10]

A "platform system" has been designed to convert the stadium for athletics use, but its use would decrease the stadium's capacity to approximately 60,000.[11] No athletics events have taken place at the stadium, and none are scheduled.[citation needed]
[edit] Construction
The stadium in its very early stages of construction, circa August 2003
New Wembley Stadium looking south, view from the new Wembley Way, January 2007

The initial plan for the reconstruction of Wembley was for demolition to begin before Christmas 2000, and for the new stadium to be completed some time during 2003, but this work was delayed by a succession of financial and legal difficulties. In 2004, the London Mayor and Brent Council also announced wider plans for the regeneration of Wembley, taking in the arena and the surrounding areas as well as the stadium, to be implemented over two or three decades.

Delays to the construction project started as far back as 2003. In December 2003, the constructors of the arch, subcontractors Cleveland Bridge, warned Multiplex about rising costs and a delay on the steel job of almost a year due to design changes which Multiplex rejected. Cleveland Bridge were removed from the project and replaced by Dutch firm Hollandia with all the attendant problems of starting over. 2004 also saw errors, most notably a fatal accident involving carpenter Patrick O'Sullivan for which construction firm PC Harrington Contractors were fined £150,000 in relation to breaches of health and safety laws.[12]

In October 2005, Sports Minister Richard Caborn announced: "They say the Cup Final will be there, barring six feet of snow or something like that". By November 2005, WNSL were still hopefull of a handover date of 31 March, in time for the cup final on 13 May. However in December 2005, the builders admitted that there was a "material risk" that the stadium might not be ready in time for the final.[13][14] In February 2006 these worries were confirmed, with the FA moving the game to Cardiff's Millennium Stadium.
Construction of the new Wembley, looking east, taken January 2006

On 20 March 2006, a steel rafter in the roof of the new development fell by a foot and a half, forcing 3,000 workers to evacuate the stadium and raising further doubts over the completion date which was already behind schedule.[15] On 23 March 2006, sewers beneath the stadium buckled due to ground movement.[16] GMB Union leader Steve Kelly said that the problem had been caused by the pipes not being properly laid, and that the repair would take months. A spokesman for developers Multiplex said that they did not believe this would "have any impact on the completion of the stadium", which was then scheduled to be completed on 31 March 2006.

On 30 March 2006, the developers announced that Wembley Stadium would not be ready until 2007.[17] All competitions and concerts planned were to be moved to suitable locations. On 19 June 2006 it was announced that the turf had been laid. On 19 October 2006 it was announced that the venue was now set to open in early 2007 after the dispute between The Football Association and Multiplex had finally been settled. WNSL was expected to pay around £36m to Multiplex, on top of the amount of the original fixed-price contract. The total cost of the project (including local transport infrastructure redevelopment and the cost of financing) was estimated to be £1 billion (roughly US$1.97 billion).
[edit] Handover and opening
The Bobby Moore Sculpture stands outside the stadium entrance, looking down Wembley Way

The new stadium was completed and handed over to the FA on 9 March 2007. The official Wembley Stadium website had announced that the stadium would be open for public viewing for local residents of Brent on 3 March 2007, however this was delayed by two weeks and instead happened on 17 March.

While the stadium had hosted football matches since the handover in March, the stadium was officially opened on Saturday 19 May, with the staging of the 2007 FA Cup Final. Eight days before that on Friday 11 May, the Bobby Moore Sculpture had been unveiled by Sir Bobby Charlton outside the stadium entrance, as the "finishing touch" to the completion of the stadium. The twice life-size bronze statue, sculpted by Philip Jackson, depicts England's 1966 World Cup winning captain Bobby Moore, looking down Wembley Way.[18][19][20]
[edit] Structure

The stadium contains 2,618 toilets, more than any other venue in the world.[21]
The stadium has a circumference of 1 km (0.6 mi).[22]
The bowl volume is listed at 1,139,100 m3, somewhat smaller than the Millennium Stadium in Cardiff, but with a greater seating capacity.[23]
At its peak, there were more than 3,500 construction workers on site.[24]
4,000 separate piles form the foundations of the new stadium,[22] the deepest of which is 35 m (115 ft).[22]
There are 56 km (35 miles) of heavy-duty power cables in the stadium.[22]
90,000 m3 (120,000 yd3) of concrete and 23,000 tonnes (25,000 short tons) of steel were used in the construction of the new stadium.[22]
The total length of the escalators is 400 m (¼ mi).[22]
The Wembley Arch has a cross-sectional diameter greater than that of a cross-channel Eurostar train.[25][26]

[edit] Pitch
Aerial of the Wembley Stadium pitch

The new pitch is 13 ft (4.0 m) lower than the previous pitch. The pitch size, as lined for association football, is 115 yards (105 m) long by 75 yards (69 m) wide, slightly narrower than the old Wembley.[27] Since the completion of the new Wembley, the pitch has come into disrepute since it was described as being "no good" and "not in the condition that Wembley used to be known for" by Slaven Bilić before the game between England and the team he managed, Croatia.[28] It was confirmed when the pitch was terribly cut up during the game, which was blamed by some[29] as the reason England did not qualify for UEFA Euro 2008.[30] The Football Association admitted in April 2009 after the FA Cup semi-finals that improvements are needed to the Wembley pitch after criticism of the surface by Sir Alex Ferguson, Arsène Wenger and David Moyes. The grass has been relaid ten times since the stadium re-opened in 2007 and was relaid again in the summer of 2009, ahead of the 2009 Community Shield.[31][32]

In March 2010, the surface was relaid for the 10th time since 2007, when the stadium was built. In April 2010, the pitch was again criticised following the FA Cup semi-finals, during which the players found it difficult to keep their footing and the surface cut up despite the dry conditions. Tottenham Hotspur boss Harry Redknapp labelled it a "disgrace" after his side's semi-final defeat to Portsmouth.[33] After the 2010 FA Cup Final, Chelsea captain John Terry said, "The pitch ruined the final. It’s probably the worst pitch we’ve played on all year. It was not good enough for a Wembley pitch."[34] It was relaid with Desso semi-artificial pitch, ahead of the 2010 community shield game between Chelsea and Manchester United. Michael Owen, who previously criticized the pitch for causing him injury, said that it was much improved.[35]
[edit] Covering
Close-Up of the Arch

The stadium roof has an area of 40,000 m2, of which 13,722 m2 is movable.[23] The primary reason for the sliding roof was to avoid shading the pitch, as grass demands direct sunlight to grow effectively.[36] Angus Campbell, chief architect, also said that an aim was for pitch to be in sunlight during the match between the beginning of May and the end of June, between 3pm and 5pm, which is when the FA and World cups would be played. The sliding roof design minimised the shadow by having the roof pulled back on the east, west and south[37] however a wholly unshaded pitch has not been achieved between 3pm and 5pm during the FA Cup Final; at the FA Cup Final in 2007 the pitch was in partial shade at the start and during the match, a situation which was mentioned during the live commentatary.[38]

The stadium roof rises to 52 metres above the pitch and is supported by an arch rising 133 metres above the level of the external concourse. With a span of 315 metres, the arch is the longest single span roof structure in the world.[22]
[edit] Litigation

The Australian firm Multiplex, which was the main contractor on Wembley Stadium, made significant losses on the project.[39][40] In an attempt to recoup some of those losses, the firm has initiated a number of legal cases against its sub-contractors and consultants.[41] The largest of these - the largest legal claim in UK legal history - is a claim for £253 million against the structural engineering consultants Mott Macdonald.[42] In preliminary hearings the two architecture practices which worked for Multiplex on the project have been ordered to allow Multiplex access to their records in order for them to build a case. The practices, Foster + Partners and Populous, estimate the costs of providing access and answering Multiplex's queries at £5 million.[43] The case is not due to be heard until January 2011.[44] Mott Macdonald has issued a counter-claim for unpaid fees of £250,000.[42]

Multiplex has also taken the original steel contractor, Cleveland Bridge, to court in order to claim up to £38 million[45] compensation for costs resulting from Cleveland Bridge walking away from the job. Cleveland Bridge, in turn, claimed up to £15 million from Multiplex. The case was finally resolved in September 2008 with Cleveland Bridge ordered to pay £6.1 million in damages and 20% of Multiplex's costs after the court found Cleveland Bridge was in the wrong to walk off site. The judge criticised both sides for allowing the case to reach court, pointing out that total costs were £22 million, including £1 million for photocopying.[46] Multiplex's ultimate bill is estimated to be over £10 million.

Multiplex is also contesting a claim from its concrete contractor, PC Harrington, that Multiplex owes £13.4 million to PC Harrington.[47]

The dispute between Multiplex (now known as Brookfield) and Mott Macdonald was settled out of court in June 2010, the judge having warned that costs were likely to be more than £74 million.[48]
[edit] Tenants
Wembley Stadium during the 2007 Race of Champions

The English national football team is a major user of Wembley Stadium. Given the ownership by The Football Association as of 10 March 2007, the League Cup final moved back to Wembley from Cardiff following the FA Cup final and FA Community Shield. Other showpiece football matches that were previously staged at Wembley, such as the Football League promotion play-offs and the Football League Trophy final, have returned to the stadium, as has the Football Conference play-off final. Additionally, the Rugby League Challenge Cup final returned to Wembley Stadium in 2007. The new Wembley is a significant part of the plan for the 2012 Summer Olympics in London; the stadium will be the site of several games in both the men's and women's football tournaments, with the finals planned to be held there.[49]

The Race of Champions staged their 2007 and 2008 events at the stadium.

Wembley has had a long association with American Football. A USFL game was staged there in 1984, and between 1986 and 1993 the old Wembley stadium hosted eight NFL exhibition games featuring 13 different NFL teams.[50] Since the new Wembley Stadium opened in 2007 Wembley has hosted games during the NFL regular season. As a result of this, NFL commissioner Roger Goodell stated in October 2009 that "he expects the NFL will start playing multiple regular-season games in Britain in the next few years, an expansion that could lead to putting a franchise in London."[51]
[edit] Music
The stage at the Live Earth concert held at Wembley on 7 July 2007.

Besides football, Wembley can be configured to hold many other events, particularly major concerts.

The first concert at the new stadium was given by George Michael on 9 June 2007.[52] Bon Jovi were scheduled to be the first artists to perform at the new Wembley but the late completion of the stadium saw the concerts relocated to the National Bowl and the KC Stadium.

Muse became the first band to sell out the new stadium on 16 and 17 June 2007, and released a live DVD of the performance.

Other acts to have performed at the stadium are Metallica, Foo Fighters, Madonna, Coldplay, Oasis, Take That and AC/DC.[53]

Wembley stadium hosted Take That Present: The Circus Live for 4 nights in summer 2009. The tour became the fastest selling tour in UK in history[54] before that record was broken by Take That two years later with their Progress Live tour.

Two large charity concerts have been held at the new Wembley stadium, the Concert for Diana, a memorial concert to commemorate ten years after the Death of Princess Diana, and Live Earth, a concert hosted at Wembley as part of the Live Earth Foundation, committed to combating climate change.
Take That concert

95.8 Capital FM's Summertime Ball, which was previously hosted with 55,000 spectators at the Arsenal Emirates Stadium and slightly less in Hyde Park (as Party in the Park), was hosted at Wembley Stadium on 6 June 2010, and was headlined by Rihanna and Usher. The move to Wembley allowed many more fans to watch the annual music event which has previously lasted over 5 hours with more than 10 performers. It is thought to be the biggest commercial music event held at the stadium.

American punk rock band Green Day continued their world tour, playing at Wembley on 19 June 2010. The gig was Green Day's biggest audience yet.[55]

Muse returned to Wembley Stadium on 10 and 11 September 2010 as part of their Resistance Tour to a sell-out crowd, having previously played there in June 2007.

Madonna played Wembley in 2008 during her Sticky and Sweet Tour, to a sold-out audience of 74,000. The event has surpassed all gross revenue for a single concert at Wembley, grossing nearly $12 million USD.[56]

Take That will play a record breaking 8 nights at Wembley Stadium in summer 2011 on their Progress Live tour, which has become the fastest and biggest selling tour in UK history.[57][58]

gbk

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Stadion Utama Gelora Bung Karno (SUGBK) adalah sebuah stadion serbaguna di Jakarta, Indonesia yang merupakan bagian dari kompleks olahraga Gelanggang Olahraga Bung Karno. Stadion ini umumnya digunakan sebagai arena pertandingan sepak bola tingkat internasional. Stadion ini dinma untuk menghormati Soekarno, Presiden pertama Indonesia, yang juga merupakan tokoh yang mencetuskan gagasan pembangunan kompleks olahraga ini. Dalam rangka de-Soekarnoisasi, pada masa Orde Baru, nama stadion ini diubah menjadi Stadion Utama Senayan. Setelah bergulirnya gelombang reformasi pada 1998, nama Stadion ini dikembalikan kepada namanya semula melalui Surat Keputusan Presiden No. 7/2001.[1]

Dengan kapasitas sekitar 100.000 orang, stadion yang mulai dibangun pada pertengahan tahun 1958 dan penyelesaian fase pertamanya pada kuartal ketiga 1962 ini merupakan salah satu yang terbesar di dunia. Menjelang Piala Asia 2007, dilakukan renovasi pada stadion yang mengurangi kapasitas stadion menjadi 88.083 penonton.

Pembangunannya didanai dengan kredit lunak dari Uni Soviet sebesar 12,5 juta dollar AS yang kepastiannya diperoleh pada 23 Desember 1958. Dan tentunya dengan dana yang cukup besar tersebut itu menjadikan galanggang olahraga ini sebagai stadion sepakbola terbesar di Indonesia.Hingga saat ini, Gelora Bung Karno merupakan satu-satunya stadion yang benar-benar berstandar internasional di Indonesia. Data stadion

Lampu: 1.200 luks
Panjang sentel ban: 800 meter
Panjang lapangan: 110 meter
Lebar lapangan: 60 meter
kapasitas penonton: 88.000 penonton

Pengukuran Laju Partikulat pada Cerobong Gas Buang Pembakaran Batubara

I. Latar Belakang Sesuai dengan KEPMENLH No. 13 tahun 1995, maka setiap cerobong yang mengeluarkan gas buang harus dilakukan pengecekan kualitas gas buangnya. Keputusan Menteri lingkungan hidup ini mengatur tentang nilai ambang batas yang diperkenankan pada suatu aliran gas buang pada cerobong, parameter dan kondisi pengukuran yang dilakukan tergantung pada proses dan jenis bahan bakar yang digunakan. Salah satu aturan pada KepMenLH? tersebut adalah gas buang untuk pembakaran berbahan bakar batubara, dan parameter yang harus diukur adalah parameter partikulat.

Metode yang dilakukan untuk mengukur partikulat pada cerobong gas buang adalah sesuai dengan method 5 US EPA (United States Environmental Protection Agency). Dalam prakteknya, method 5 ini tidak dapat berdiri sendiri, karena harus mengikuti tahapan pengambilan sample yang sesuai dengan method 1 – 4 US EPA. Adapun isi dari method 1 – 4 US EPA adalah sebagai berikut :

Method 1 US EPA : Metode untuk menentukan titik sampling pada cerobong dan jumlah titik lintas pengambilan sample Method 2 US EPA : Metode untuk menentukan kecepatan aliran gas buang pada cerobong Method 3 US EPA : Metode untuk mmenentukan komposisi dan berat molekul gas buang pada cerobong Method 4 US EPA : Metode utuk menentukan kadungan uap air pada gas buang di cerobong

Method 5 US EPA merupakan metode pengambilan sample partikulat yang harus dilakukan secara isokinetis. Isokinetis adalah kondisi dimana kecepatan aliran gas buang pada cerobong sama dengan kecepatan aliran hisap gas buang pada nosel probe (masih diperkenankan toleransi sebesar + 10% terhadap kecepatan gas buang). Pengujian dengan method 5 ini dilakukan dengan suatu peralatan yang disebut Particulate Stack Sampler. Peralatan ini terdiri dari 4 bagian utama yaitu : 1. Probe 2. Heater Box 3. Selang (Umbilical) 4. Meter box

Peralatan tersebut dirangkai seperti pada gambar berikut :

II Uraian Permasalahan Peralatan tersebut merupakan peralatan yang sudah terstandarkan, artinya untuk mendapatkan komponen peralatan tersebut maka kita dapat memesan kepada supplier. Tetapi, terkadang untuk beberapa kasus diperlukan peralatan yang tidak tersedia dari supplier. Sebagai contoh adalah untuk cerobong yang memiliki diameter besar, untuk memenuhi persyaratan sesuai dengan method 1, maka diperlukan probe yang panjang juga, sedangkan supplier hanya menyediakan probe dengan panjang sekitar 1,5 m. Untuk keperluan menjawab permasalahan ini, maka diperlukan modifikasi dari peralatan yang ada. Permasalahan lain misalnya adalah tidak siapnya kondisi pendukung sampling seperti stagger, gantungan rel bar, atau bahkan lubang samping. Untuk itu diperlukan suatu panduan agar segala permasalahn yang mungkin timbul saat sampling dilakukan dapat dihilangkan

III Solusi Untuk mengatasi segala permasalah di atas, maka beberapa jawaban telah dilakukan. Untuk mengatasi kebutuhan probe yang panjang, maka dibuat suatu probe yang bisa tersambung satu dengan lainnya dengan cara membuat sambungan ulir atau drat dari masing-masing probe. Tetapi memang dalam pelaksaan sampling, titik pada sambungan ini harus diperhatikan dan dihindarkan dari kebocoran. Untuk mengatasi permasalah tidak siapnya kondisi pendukung sampling, maka dilakukan pre survey untuk setiap tempat baru yang akan disampling. Gambar teknik untuk menggambarkan ukuan ataupun jarak anatar masing-masing komponen peralatan, maka dibuatlah standar gambar teknik untuk penggunaan alat particulate stack sampler.

IV Implementasi Saat ini, solusi atas dua permasalahan yang sering timbul ketika sampling di atas telah dapat di atasai dengan adanya suatu gambar yang dapat memberikan gambaran penyiapan fasilitas pendukung sampling. Probe panjang yang dapat dirakit atau disambungkan antara satu dengan yang lainnya dan tealh diuji kebocorannya, maka alat tersebut dapat menghilangkan poteni kebocoran.

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Futebol Clube do Porto adalah sebuah klub olahraga di Portugal yang paling dikenal lewat klub sepak bolanya. Klub olahraga ini idirikan pada tahun 1893 oleh António Nicolau de Almeida di Porto.

Bersama dengan Sporting Lisboa dan Benfica, klub sepak bola Porto adalah tiga klub terbesar di Portugal. Stadion klub sepak bolanya adalah Estádio do Dragão (sejak 2003, sebelumnya Estádio das Antas). Porto telah dua kali menjuarai Liga Champions (pertama kali pada tahun 1987 dan kemudian pada tahun 2004 di bawah asuhan José Mourinho) dan sekali menjuarai Piala UEFA (2003).

Selain sepak bola, Porto juga terkenal dalam cabang olahraga rink hockey (hoki ring), bola tangan, dan bola basket.

Lihat pula Olah raga dan bela diri tradisional dari Portugal.


Prestasi

2 Piala Interkontinental
Tahun Juara: 1987, 2004
2 Piala/Liga Champions
Tahun Juara: 1987/1988, 2003/2004
1 Piala UEFA
Tahun Juara: 2002/2003
1 Piala Super Eropa
Tahun Juara: 1987
1 Piala Iberica
Tahun Juara: 1935
24 Liga Portugal
Tahun Juara: 1934/35, 1938/39, 1939/40, 1955/56, 1958/59, 1977/78, 1978/79, 1984/85, 1985/86, 1987/88, 1989/90, 1991/92, 1992/93, 1994/95, 1995/96, 1996/97, 1997/98, 1998/99, 2002/03, 2003/04, 2005/06, 2006/07, 2007/08, 2008/09
19 Piala Portugal
Tahun Juara: 1921/22, 1924/25, 1931/32, 1936/37, 1955/56, 1957/58, 1967/68, 1976/77, 1983/84, 1987/88, 1990/91, 1993/94, 1997/98, 1999/00, 2000/01, 2002/03, 2005/06, 2008/09, 2009/2010
17 Piala Super Portugal
Tahun Juara: 1980/81, 1982/83, 1983/84, 1985/86, 1989/90, 1990/91, 1992/93, 1993/94, 1995/96, 1997/98, 1998/99, 2000/01, 2002/03, 2003/04, 2005/06, 2008/09. 2009/10.
30 Liga Porto
14 Piala Porto Honra
32 Piala Super Porto
1 Liga Intercalar Portugal

Valencia CF

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Valencia Club de Fútbol (València Club de Futbol [1] in Valencian, also known as Valencia C.F., Valencia or Los Che) is a Spanish professional football club based in Valencia, Spain. They play in La Liga and are one of the most successful and biggest clubs in Spanish football and Europe. Valencia have won six La Liga titles, seven Copa del Rey trophies, two Fairs Cups which was the predecessor to the UEFA Cup, one UEFA Cup, one UEFA Cup Winners' Cup and two UEFA Super Cups. They also reached two UEFA Champions League finals in a row, losing to La Liga rivals Real Madrid in 2000 and then to German club Bayern Munich on penalties after a 1–1 draw in 2001. Valencia were also members of the G-14 group of leading European football clubs. In total, Valencia have reached seven major European finals, winning four of them.

In the all-time La Liga table, Valencia is in 3rd position behind Real Madrid and FC Barcelona. In terms of continental titles, Valencia is again the 3rd-most successful behind Real Madrid and Barcelona, with these three being the only Spanish clubs to have won five or more continental trophies.[2]

Valencia were founded in 1919 and have played their home games at the 55,000-seater Estadio Mestalla since 1923. They are due to move into the new 75,000-seater Nou Mestalla in the north-west of the city in 2011. Valencia have a long-standing rivalry with Levante, also located in Valencia, and with two others club in the Valencian Community region, Hercules and Villarreal.

Valencia are the third most supported football club in Spain, behind only Real Madrid and FC Barcelona.[3] It is also one of the biggest clubs in the world in terms of number of associates (registered paying supporters), with more than 50,000 season ticket holders and another 20,000+ season ticket holders on the waiting list, who can be accommodated in the new 75,000-seater stadium.
History
Main article: History of Valencia CF

The club was established in March 5, 1919 and officially approved in March 18, 1919, with Octavio Augusto Milego Díaz as its first president; incidentally the presidency was decided by a coin toss. The club played its first competitive match away from home on 21 May 1919 against Valencia Gimnástico, and lost the match 1–0.
2005: Fans at Estadio Mestalla.

Valencia CF moved into the Mestalla stadium in 1923, having played its home matches at the Algirós ground since 7 December 1919. The first match at Mestalla pitted the home side against Castellón Castalia and ended a 0–0 draw. In another match the day after, Valencia won against the same opposition 1–0. Valencia CF won the Regional Championship in 1923, and was eligible to play in the domestic Copa del Rey cup competition for the first time in its history.
[edit] Emergence as a Giant in Spanish Football

The Spanish Civil War halted the progress of the Valencia team until 1941, when it won the Copa del Rey, beating RCD Espanyol in the final. In the 1941–42 season, the club won its first Spanish La Liga championship title, although winning the Copa del Rey was more reputable than the championship at that time. The club maintained its consistency to capture the league title again in the 1943–44 season, as well as the 1946–47 league edition.

In the 1950s, the club failed to emulate the success of the 1940s, even though it grew as a club. A restructuring of Mestalla resulted in an increase in spectator capacity to 45,000, while the club had a number of Spanish and foreign stars. Players such as Spanish international Antonio Puchades and Dutch forward Faas Wilkes graced the pitch at Mestalla. In the 1952–53 season, the club finished as runners-up in the La Liga, and in the following season, the club won the Copa del Rey, then known as the Copa del Generalísimo.
[edit] European successes

While managing indifferent league form in the early 1960s, the club had its first European success in the form of the Inter-Cities Fairs Cup (the forerunner to the UEFA Cup). In the 1961–62 season, Valencia beat Spanish club FC Barcelona in the final. The 1962–63 edition of the Inter-Cities Fairs Cup final, pitted Valencia CF against Croatian club Dinamo Zagreb, which the Valencians also won. Valencia CF was again present in the Inter-Cities Fairs Cup final in the 1963–64 season, but was defeated 2–1 by Real Zaragoza from Spain.

Former two-time European Footballer of the Year award winner Alfredo Di Stéfano was hired as coach in 1970, and immediately inspired his new club to their fourth La Liga championship. This secured Valencia its first qualification for the European Cup, contested by the various European domestic champions. Valencia reached the third round of the 1971–72 competition, before losing to Hungarian champions Újpest TE. The most notable players of the 1970s era include Austrian midfielder Kurt Jara, forward Johnny Rep of the Netherlands and Argentinian forward Mario Kempes, who became the La Liga topscorer for two consecutive seasons in the 1976–77 and 1977–78 season. Valencia would go on to win the Copa del Rey again in the 1978–79 season, and also capture the European Cup Winners' Cup the next season, after beating English club Arsenal FC in the final, with Kempes spearheading Valencia's success in Europe.
[edit] Stagnation

In 1982, the club appointed Miljan Miljanic as coach. After a disappointing season, Valencia was in 17th place and faced relegation with seven games left to play. Koldo Aguirre replaced Miljanic as coach, and Valencia barely avoided relegation that year, relying on favorable results from other teams to ensure their own survival. In the 1983–84 and 1984–85 seasons, the club was heavily in debt under the presidency of Vicente Tormo. The club finally hit rock bottom when it was relegated at the end of the 1985–86 season, and riven with internal problems such as unpaid player and staff wages, as well as poor morale. The club was relegated for the first time after 55 years in Spanish top-flight football.

Arturo Tuzón was named the new club president, and he helped steer Valencia CF back to La Liga. Alfredo Di Stéfano returned as coach in 1986, and Valencia won promotion again following the 1986–87 season. Di Stéfano stayed on as coach until the 1987–88 season, when the team finished in 14th position in La Liga. Bulgarian forward Luboslav Penev joined the club in 1989, as Valencia aimed to consolidate their place in La Liga. Guus Hiddink was appointed as head coach in the 1991–92 season, and the club finished fourth in the League and reached the quarterfinals of the Copa del Rey. In 1992, Valencia CF officially became a Sporting Limited Company, and retained Hiddink as their coach until 1993.

Brazilian coach Carlos Alberto Parreira, fresh from winning the 1994 FIFA World Cup with the Brazilian national team, became manager at Mestalla in 1994. Parreira immediately signed the Spanish goalkeeper Andoni Zubizarreta and the Russian forward Oleg Salenko, as well as Predrag Mijatovic, but failed to produce results expected of him. He was replaced by new coach José Manuel Rielo. The club's earlier successes continued to elude it, although it was not short of top coaching staff like Luis Aragonés and Jorge Valdano, as well as foreign star forwards like Brazilian Romário, and Claudio López and Ariel Ortega from Argentina.
[edit] The 2000s: Valencia returns to the top of Spanish and European football

Valencia started the 1999–00 season by winning another title, the Spanish Super Cup, beating Barcelona. Valencia finished third in the league, behind the champions Deportivo La Coruña and level on points with second placed Barça. But the biggest success was in the UEFA Champions League; for the first time in its history, Valencia reached the European Cup final. However, in the final played in Paris on 24 May 2000, Real Madrid beat Valencia 3–0.

Soccer.Field Transparant.png
Cañizares
Angloma
Djukic
Pellegrino
Gerardo
Mendieta
Farinós
K. González
Angulo
Gerard
Claudio López
2000 UEFA Champions League Final starting lineup

It was also Claudio López's farewell, as he had agreed to sign for the Italian side Lazio, also leaving was Farinós for Internazionale and Gerard for Barcelona. The notable signings of that summer were, the Norwegian John Carew, Rubén Baraja from Atlético Madrid, the Argentine Roberto Ayala and the Brazilian left back Fábio Aurélio. Baraja and Ayala would soon become a staple of Valencia's dominance of early 2000s in La Liga.

Valencia started the championship on the right foot and were top after 10 games, after the Christmas break Valencia started to pay for the top demand that such an absorbing competition like the Champions League requires. After passing the two mini-league phases, Cúper's team eliminated Arsenal in quarter finals and Leeds United in the semi-finals, and got ready to face Bayern Munich in the big final, Valencia had now reached two European Cup finals in a row. This time the final was to be played in Milan and at the San Siro, on 23 May. Gaizka Mendieta gave Valencia the lead by scoring from the penalty spot right at the start of the match, Cañizares then stopped a penalty from Mehmet Scholl, but Stefan Effenberg drew level after the break thanks to another penalty. After extra time, it was a penalty shoot-out to decide who would be European champions, Valencia, or Bayern Munich. Mauricio Pellegrino was the man who missed to give Bayern European glory and give Valencia heartbreak for the second season running in the biggest game in club football. For Valencia, it was difficult to recover from the blow in Milan, it culminated in Valencia finishing 5th in La Liga and out of the Champions League for the 2001–02 season, the final game of the season meant Valencia only needed a draw at the Nou Camp against Barcelona to seal Champions League qualification, unfortunately for Los Che they lost to Barcelona 3–2 at the Nou Camp, with a last minute goal from Rivaldo resulting in Barcelona qualifying for the Champions League and Valencia missing out, in a head-to-head tie.

The president, D. Pedro Cortés, resigned due to personal reasons and left the club in July, with the satisfaction of having won the King’s Cup, one Spanish Super Cup and having been runners up in two Champions League finals in a row. D. Jaime Ortí replaced him as president and expressed his intention on maintaining the good form that had made the club so admired on the European circuit. There were also some changes in the team and staff, Rafael Benítez, after helping Tenerife to promotion, replaced Héctor Cúper after the latter became the new coach at Internazionale. Among the footballers, Mendieta, Deschamps, Milla, Zahović and Gerard left, and Marchena, Mista, Curro Torres, Rufete, de los Santos, and Salva arrived.

Soccer.Field Transparant.png
Cañizares
Angloma
Ayala
Pellegrino
Carboni
Mendieta
Baraja
K. González
Carew
Aimar
Juan Sánchez
2001 UEFA Champions League Final starting lineup

From 1999 up until the end of the 2004 season, Valencia had one of the their most successful periods in the club's history. With a total of two La Liga titles, one UEFA Cup, one Copa del Rey and one UEFA Super Cup, in those six years, no less than five first class titles and two UEFA Champions League finals had been achieved.
During Valencia's domestic and European dominance of the early 2000's, Argentine Roberto Ayala had been a key component in their defense.

The 2001–02 season brought Valencia a La Liga title, 31 years after the last title crown. There were new incorporations to the team, manager Rafael Benítez and the new players of Marchena, Mista, Curro Torres, Rufete, de los Santos and Salva.

That first game against fellow title rivals Real Madrid, produced a significant and important victory. This was followed by a record of eleven games won consecutively, breaking the existing one set in the 1970–71 season, the season they had last won the La Liga title under Alfredo di Stéfano.

After a defeat in La Coruña against Deportivo on 9 December 2001, the team had to win against Espanyol in the Estadi Olímpic Lluís Companys to prevent falling further behind the league leaders. Valencia were 2–0 down at half time, but a comeback in the second half saw Valencia win 3–2.

In the second part of the season, Benítez's team suffered a small setback after losing 1–0 in the Santiago Bernabéu to Real Madrid, but they recovered from this setback and achieved four victories and two draws in the following six games. The games against Las Palmas, Athletic de Bilbao, Deportivo Alavés, Real Zaragoza and Barça.

In one of those crucial games that they would come up against Espanyol, Valencia were trailing 1–0 half-time and a man down too with the dismissal of Carboni, but after two goals from Rubén Baraja, Valencia achieved a 2–1 victory. Furthermore, Real Madrid's defeat in Anoeta to Real Sociedad left Valencia with a three-point lead at the top of the table.

The final game of the season was at La Rosaleda to face Málaga, on 5 May 2002, a date that has gone down in Valencia’s history. The team shut itself away in Benalmádena, close to the scene of the game, in order to gain focus. An early goal from Ayala and another close to half-time from Fábio Aurélio, assured them their fifth La Liga title, 31 years after their last title win.

The 2002–03 season was a disappointing one for Valencia, as they failed in their attempt to retain the La Liga title and ended up outside of the Champions League spots in fifth, behind Celta de Vigo. They were also knocked out in the quarter-finals of the Champions League by Internazionale on away goals. The 2003–04 season saw Valencia trailing the long time leaders Real Madrid. In February, after 26 games played, Real Madrid were eight points clear.[4] However, their form declined in the late season and they lost their last five games of the campaign, allowing Valencia to overtake them and win the title. The club added the UEFA Cup to this success. Valencia had now been La Liga champions twice in three seasons.

In the summer of 2004, coach Rafa Benítez decided to leave the club stating he had had problems with the club president, he would soon become manager of Liverpool. He was replaced by former Valencia coach Claudio Ranieri, who had recently been sacked by Chelsea. However, his second reign at the club was a disappointment as Valencia harboured realistic hopes of retaining their La Liga crown but, by February, found themselves in 7th place. Valencia had also been knocked out of the Champions League group phase, with Ranieri being sacked promptly in February. The 2004–2005 season ended with Valencia outside of the UEFA Cup spots.

In the summer of 2005, Getafe coach Quique Sánchez Flores was appointed as the new manager of Valencia and ended the season in third place, which in turn gained Valencia a place in the Champions League after a season away from the competition. The 2006–07 season was a season with many difficulties, a season which started with realistic hopes of challenging for La Liga was disrupted with a huge list of injuries to key players and internal arguments between Flores and new Sporting Director Amedeo Carboni. Valencia ended the season in fourth place and were knocked out of the Champions League at the quarter-finals stage by Chelsea 3–2 on aggregate, after knocking out Italian champions Inter in the second round. In the summer of 2007, the internal fight between Flores and Carboni was settled with Carboni being replaced by Ángel Ruiz as the new Sporting Director of Valencia.

On 29 October 2007, the Valencia board of directors fired Flores after a string of disappointing performances and caretaker manager Óscar Rubén Fernández took over on a temporary basis until a full-time manager was found, rumoured to be either Marcello Lippi or José Mourinho. A day later, Dutch manager Ronald Koeman announced he would be leaving PSV to sign for Valencia. But there was still no improvement; in fact, Valencia even went on to drop to the 15th position in the league, just two points above the relegation zone. Although on 16 April 2008, Valencia lifted the Copa del Rey with a 3–1 victory over Getafe at the Vicente Calderón. This was the club's 7th Copa title. Five days later, one day after a devastating 5–1 league defeat in Bilbao, Valencia fired Ronald Koeman and replaced him with Voro, who would guide Valencia as Caretaker Manager for the rest of the season. He went on to win the first game since the sacking of Koeman, beating Osasuna 3–0 in his first game in charge. Voro would eventually drag Valencia from the relegation battle to a safe mid-table finish of 10th place, finally ending a disastrous league campaign for Los Che.

Highly-rated Unai Emery was announced as the new manager of Valencia on 22 May 2008. The start of the young manager's career looked to be promising, with the club winning four out of its first five games, a surge that saw the team rise to the top position of the La Liga table. Despite looking impressive in Europe, Los Che then hit a poor run of form in the league that saw them dip as low as seventh in the standings. Amid the slump emerged reports of a massive internal debt at the club exceeding 400 million Euros, as well as that the players had been unpaid in weeks. The team's problems were compounded when they were knocked out of the UEFA Cup by Dynamo Kyiv on away goals. After a run where Valencia took only five points from a possible ten games in La Liga, an announcement was made that the club had secured a loan that would cover the players' expenses until the end of the year. This announcement coincided with an upturn in form, and the club won six of its next eight games to surge back into the critical fourth place Champions' League spot. However, Los Che were then defeated by 4th place rivals Atlético Madrid and Villarreal in two of the last three games of the campaign, and finished sixth in the table, which meant they failed to qualify for a second successive year for the Champions League. No solution had yet been found to address the massive the debt Valencia were faced with, and rumours persisted that top talents such as David Villa, Juan Mata, and David Silva could leave the club to help balance the books. In the summer of 2010, David Villa and David Silva were sold to Barcelona and Manchester City, respectively, to reduce the club's massive debt.
[edit] Current stadium
Main article: Mestalla
Mestalla

Valencia played its first years at the Algirós stadium but moved to the Mestalla in 1923. In the 1950s, Mestalla was restructured, which resulted in a capacity increase to 45,000 spectators. Today it holds 55,000 seats. However, Valencia is scheduled to move to a new stadium in the north-west of the city Valencia in 2010. The Nou Mestalla, as it will be called, will hold around 75,000 spectators and will be given a 5 star status by FIFA. It ranks as the fifth largest stadium in Spain. It is also renowned for its steep terracing and for being one of the most intimidating atmospheres in all of Europe to play.

On 20 May 1923, the Mestalla pitch was inaugurated with a friendly match that brought Valencia CF and Levante UD face to face. It was the beginning of a new era that meant farewell to the old place, Algirós, which will always remain in the memories of the Valencians as first home of the club. A long history has taken place on the Mestalla field since its very beginning, when the Valencia team was not yet in the Primera División. Back then, this stadium could hold 17,000 spectators, and in that time the club started to show its potential in regional championships, which led the managers of that time to carry out the first alterations of Mestalla in 1927. The stadium's total capacity increased to 25,000 before it became severely damaged during the Civil War.

Mestalla was used as concentration camp and junk warehouse. It would only keep its structure, since the rest was a lonely plot of land with no terraces and a stand broken during the war. Once the Valencian pitch was renovated, Mestalla saw how the team managed to bring home their first title, the 1941 Cup. An overwhelming team was playing on the grass of the redesigned Valencian stadium in that decade, team that conquered three League titles and two Cups with the legendary ‘electric forwards’ of Epi, Amadeo, Mundo, Asensi and Guillermo Gorostiza. Those years of sporting success also served as support to recover little by little the Mestalla ground.

During the decade of the fifties, the Valencia ground experienced the deepest change in its whole history. That project resulted in a stadium with a capacity of 45,500 spectators. It was a dream that was destroyed by the flood that flooded Valencia in October 1957 after the overflowing of the Turia River. Nevertheless, Mestalla not only returned to normality, but also some more improvements were added, like artificial light, which was inaugurated during the 1959 Fallas festivities. This was the beginning of a new change for the Mestalla.
Mestalla panoramic

During the sixties, the stadium kept the same appearance, whilst the urban view around it was quickly being transformed. Moreover, the Valencian domain became from that moment on, the setting of big European feats. Nottingham Forest was the first foreign team that played an official match in Mestalla with the "Che" club. They played on 15 September 1961 and it was the first clash of a golden age full of continental successes, reinforced with the Fairs Cup won in 1962 and 1963. Mestalla had just entered the European competitions as a stadium where the most important events were taking place.

From 1969, the expression "Anem a Mestalla" (Let’s go to Mestalla), so common among the supporters, started to fall into oblivion. The reason was the change of name that meant a big tribute that the club paid to his most symbolic president that lasted for a quarter of a century. Luis Casanova Giner admitted that he was completely overwhelmed by such honour, and the president himself requested in 1994 that his name was again replaced by the name of Mestalla, as it happened. At the beginning of the seventies, the local bench of the back-then-called Luis Casanova stadium was occupied by Alfredo Di Stéfano, whose results were the winning of one League competition, one second place in the League and two Cup finals lost by the minimum difference. Moreover, Valencia participated for the first time in the European Cup and made their debut in the UEFA Cup. It all was a series of events that made that every match in the stadium located in Suecia Avenue turned into a big party.

In 1972, the head office of the club, located in the back of the numbered terraces, was inaugurated. It consisted of an office of avant-garde style with a worth mentioning trophy hall, which held the foundation flag of the club. In the summer of 1973 there was another new thing, the goal seats, which meant the elimination of fourteen rows of standing terraces providing more comfort and an adjustment to the new times. Valencia's management started to consider the possibility of moving Mestalla from its present location to some land in the outskirts of the town, but finally the project was turned down and some years later.

At that time, Mario Kempes, subsequently considered one of the greatest footballers in the world by Pele[5] was playing for Valencia. With the Matador in its team, Valencia won the Copa del Rey, the Cup Winners Cup and European Super Cup in consecutive years. The "Che" team became continental superchampion in the last European final played in Mestalla. It was in 1980 against Nottingham Forest, which oddly enough was the first foreign team that had played an official match in the Valencian stadium.
Nou Mestalla in the future

Mestalla, which in 1925 had held the first match of the Spain national football team in Valencia, was chosen as the setting for the debut of Spain in the 1982 World Cup, although the performance of the combined national team was not finally what was expected. Ten years later, the Olympic team would look for support in the Valencian stadium, this time with a very different result, since the selected young footballers finally got the gold medal in the 1992 Summer Olympics held in Barcelona.

Mestalla has been the setting for important international matches, has held several Cup finals, has been seat for Levante UD, home of the Spanish national team and exile for Castellón and Real Madrid in the European Cup.

2008–2009 was to have been the last season at the Mestalla, with the club moving to their new 75,000-seater stadium Nou Mestalla in time for the 2009–2010 season. However, the club is in financial crisis,[6] and work on the new stadium has stopped.
[edit] Kit and colours

Meta Tags untuk Produk toko online

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Domain gratis dot.tk
March 16, 2011 | Author zifan

domain dottkDomain gratis .tk tampaknya makin di lirik para pembuat blog baru, dan dari hasil pengamatanku perkembangannya menjadi sangat segnifikan dengan makin seringnya muncul di 10 peringkat atas search engine google.Adanya dukungan multi-bahasa telah menghapus ‘kendala’ terakhir dalam layanan domain gratis .TK hingga makin membuatnya mantap untuk dipilih.Tak perlu risau dengan adanya peraturan bahwa semua nama domain gratis dotTK terdaftar harus memiliki setidaknya 25 hits setiap 90 hari agar domian tetap aktif,sebab ini dimaksudkan mencegah pembajakan domain.Namun pembatasan ini tidak berlaku untuk pendaftar domain berbayar, yang tidak hanya menerima hak-hak pengguna tetapi juga mendapatkan hak-hak lisensi untuk domain dotTK.Sehingga pantas mendapat rangking 1 dari daftar domain gratis terbaik.

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Menuju lokasi dot.tk.

Pada halaman pertama kita masuk “Ubah alamat web (URL) yang panjang menjadi nama domain sungguhan” isikan nama domain yang di inginkan tanpa ekstensi .tk. dan klik lanjut.

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Domain bayar “pilih domain gratis dan klik lanjut.
Pada langkah berikutnya klik pada “gunakan DNS untuk domain ini” lalu pilih “Gunakan DNS Service saya sendiri”
Setting nameserver webhosting yang sampean sewa,contoh jika saya memakai jasa webhosting gratis dari my3gb.com maka nameserver adalah ns1.my3bg.com dan ns2.my3gb.com.
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Kontrol Persediaan toko online
March 6, 2011 | Author zifan

Kontrol Persediaan

Tidak lengkap rasanya membahas Toko Online tanpa menyinggung tentang kontrol persediaan.

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membuat ecommerce dengan wordpress20

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Daftar Iklan CPM PPC untuk blog baru
March 1, 2011 | Author zifan

CPM untuk blog baru
Sebenarnya kurang cocok untuk iklan CPM website blog baru dengan lalu lintas rendah,Tapi apa salahnya kita memasang iklan CPM sambil menunggu blog baru kita mempunyai traffik tinggi. Secara pribadi saya berpikir bahwa jaringan iklan CPM kurang bekerja pada blog baru dengan visitor rendah karena kita tidak bisa menghasilkan banyak uang dengan iklan CPM,tapi kadang kala tidak ada pilihan lain bukan?(jujur saja ya….kan?daripada tidak menghasilkan apa-apa).

Jaringan iklan CPM PPC untuk blog baru dengan traffik rendah kurang bekerja sebab jika suatu jaringan iklan CPM PPC memasang harga sebesar $ 0.5 untuk 1000 tampilan halaman, dan situs kita hanya mendapat 500 tayangan per hari, maka kita hanya memperoleh $ 0,25 per hari.Tapi biar kecil itupun namanya dollar lho…dan blog baru kita menghasilkannya bahkan ketika kita tidur ngorok.
OK..Langsung pada pokok pembicaraan,berikut ini beberapa iklan CPM untuk blog baru dengan lalu lintas rendah.
I. ad-u.com

Setiap pengunjung unik ke blog kita akan dihargai 0,005 $ .Untuk Setiap 10000 unik visitor = 50 $, Cpm satu ini menawarkan keuntungan yang lebih tinggi melalui iklan pop under dan memberikan uang $ 0,25 bagi setiap newuser yang kita dapat melaui pop under.Kita mendapatkan 10% dari semua anggota yang berhasil kita dapat sampai piramida level lima di bawah kita. Asiknya lagi mereka memberikan $ 1 selesai registrasi.
II. Adsdaq Udate: Sekarang berubah jadi Contextweb

Ini adalah salah satu pilihan terbaik untuk CPM untuk blog baru dengan lalu lintas rendah. Ia memberikan syarat lalu lintas sama sekali. Melayani iklan dalam 4 format? 120 600,? 160? 600, 300? 250, 728? 90. Setelah mendaftar kita dapat menambahkan account blog kita, yang perlu disetujui sebelum menampilkan iklan.
Setelah disetujui kita dapat membuat? Ad Tag Group? untuk blog baru kita. Di sini kita dapat mengatur harga CPM kita sendiri alias AskPrice. Ini adalah fitur terbaik Adsdaq yang memberikan keunggulan di atas jaringan iklan CPM lainnya.Kita juga dapat menambahkan tag iklan cadangan, yaitu jika inventaris kita tidak diisi dengan harga CPM yang kita minta. Mereka membayar melalui cek dan PayPal.
III. Traffic Marketplace

Memungkinkan kita untuk memilih dari 5 jenis iklan termasuk pop-under, tetapi itu tidak diperlukan. Gunakan saja Square Box , Leader Board dan Standard Banner.
Mereka membayar melalui Cek atau PayPal dalam USD. Minimal $ 50 USD. Penggunaan fitur MassPay di paypal sekarang sehingga kita tidak kehilangan uang untuk biaya paypal saat menerima jika kita memiliki usaha / akun premier.
Kita bisa melihat ststistik blog kita , Statistik diverifikasi 15 hari setiap bulan dan dibayar 30 hari kemudian, biasanya pada minggu terakhir bulan berikutnya.
Tidak membutuhkan lalulintas yang besar untuk menjadi pengiklan.
Sistem kerja kita adalah sistem bagi hasil 65% dengan mereka (kalau nggak rela,hubungi saya…biar mereka tak marahi).
IV. Neoffic.com

Mereka menggunakan teknologi iframe untuk ukuran ikalan CPM banner 480X60,kita bisa mengubahnya sendiri, tetapi ukuran minimum 240X60. Tidak ada jenis popup ngeseks alias bugil-ria. Kita dapat meletakkan banner di situs sebanyak yang kita inginkan.
Mereka mengklaim untuk membayar $ 2 CPM.Mereka membayar kepada mitra melalui E-Gold (gratis), PayPal (gratis) atau Moneybookers (10 fee%). E-Gold, PayPal dan Moneybookers pembayaran dikirim dalam waktu 3 hari setelah permintaan. Minimum payout adalah $ 0,5, tombol permintaan pembayaran akan muncul di account kita setelah kita mencapai target minimum pembayaran.
Hanya pengunjung dari negara-negara ini yang dihitung? AS (Amerika Serikat) CA (Kanada) GB (United Kingdom) AU (Australia) NZ (Selandia Baru) DE (Grmany) FR (Prancis) TI (Italia) NL (Belanda) BE (Belgia). Pengunjung dari IP yang sama akan dihitung hanya sekali dalam waktu 24 jam.
Karena mereka tidak memiliki persyaratan lalulintas blog kita dapat mulai mencoba….
V. Axill.com

Mereka menawarkan iklan CPM $ 0.30.Rendah bukan?tetapi yang sangat saya sukai adalah darimanapun pengunjung blog website kita,mereka semua masuk hitungan (Istilah dukun jawa “banyak tamu banyak rejeki”) sehingga ternyata ini jauh lebih bekerja daripada iklan CPM mahal yang memberikan syarat lalul intas dari negara tertentu saja.CPM bagus untuk blog website visitor dari asia terutama indonesia.
Tingkat minimum payout mereka adalah $ 25, mereka membayar melalui Moneybookers atau Cek. Mereka juga menawarkan pay per action dan menjadi penghasilan tambahan bagi blog baru kita.
VI. Clickwinks.com

CPM yang juga PPC support Bahasa Indonesia clickwinks.com merupakan CPM bagus yang cocok untuk blog visitor asian dan indonesia di bandingkan dengan program-program cpm tua lainnya.Mengapa?Alasan utamaku sebab yang satu ini CPM tanpa syarat bahkan untuk blog yang baru di buat.CPM untuk Blog baru (seperti punyaku) sekarang sudah dapat menghasilkan uang tanpa perlu traffik yang tinggi.Dan bagi pemilik blog baru,untuk mengetahui aturan lama para blogger yakni saling mendukung dengan tidak menghindari link referral blogger lain.Artinya jangan pernah takut mengklik link referral,demi kemajuan blogger di indonesia.
VI. FastAdvert.com

Ukuran iklan 468 X60 yang harus kita masukkan di blog baru kita. Dan ternyata loading iklan ini cukup berat,namun tampaknya sekarang sudah tidak lagi. Mereka menyetujui cukup setiap blog, dan mereka membayar $ 1 cpm.
Kita dibayar melalui Cek ketika sudah mencapai USD $ 100 dalam saldo rekening.

Mungkin sampean mau baca juga Daftar iklan CPM Terbaik yang akan menggaji blog kita cukup besar.
Incoming search terms:

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Posted in CPM | Tags: cpm blog lalu lintas rendah, CPM untuk blog website asia, cpm visitor asia, cpm visitor indonesia, ikan cpm untuk blog indonesia, iklan cpm ppc traffik rendah, iklan cpm ppc untuk blog baru | 10 Comments »
PTC Termahal
February 14, 2011 | Author zifan

Bagi yang sudah sering bermain-main dengan PTC (Pay to Click) mungkin sudah mengenal website PTC termahal.Dengan sekali klik kita di bayar 5 dollar,sebuah harga yang fantastik.Aku sendiri belum dapat memastikan apakah website yang satu ini scam atau asli.Tapi kalian boleh meluangkan 180 detik untuk coba-coba di PTC dari Buxinc.com.Pertama kali masuk aku sudah di gaji 30 dollar dengan mengklik 6 iklan yang di tampilkan.Untuk lebih memastikan tentang scam atau tidak kalian bisa baca Beda PTC legit membayar dan scam.

Baca apa yang mereka jelaskan di bawah ini:

Cara kerjanya sangat sederhana: setiap hari ketika Anda login ke account Buxinc.com Anda, Anda akan disajikan dengan beberapa link iklan. Anda klik setiap link dan melihat website pengiklan selama 30 detik dan kemudian setelah Anda mengklik tombol konfirmasi, account Anda akan dikreditkan dengan $ 5! Setelah Anda telah mencapai minimum payout, Anda dapat meminta penghasilan dan menerima pembayaran dari kami melalui Paypal.

* Dapatkan $ 5,00 untuk setiap klik yang Anda buat harian
* Permintaan pembayaran pada saat Anda mencapai $ 5.000
* Menerima 50% dari penghasilan referral Anda ‘
* Fresh PTC link yang tersedia setiap hari

* Sepenuhnya gratis untuk bergabung dan mendapatkan uang tunai
* Kami juga menawarkan keanggotaan premium
* Mudah digunakan sistem produktif
* Hanya membutuhkan waktu beberapa menit untuk memulai
Earning Balance Stats
Cash Balance: $30.00000
Clicks: 6
Pending Withdrawls: $0.00
Payments Received: $0.00
Payments Cancelled: $0.00
Advertising Balances
Paid to Click Credits: 0.00000
Banner Credits: 0.00000
Featured Ad Credits: 0.00000
Downline Stats
Direct Referrals: 0
Downline Earnings: $0.00000

Dari blog sahabat: Cara Daftar Di Ask Com | ini-apa.com

Tottenham Hotspur

Diposkan oleh king the world


Tottenham Hotspur Football Club adalah klub sepak bola di London utara. Mereka juga dikenal sebagai Spurs, The Spurs dan Tottenham, sementara penggemar mereka memberi mereka nama the Lilywhites karena seragam tradisional mereka yang berwarna putih.

Motto dari klub ini adalah Audere est Facere yang merupakan bahasa Latin yang sering diterjemahkan ke dalam bahasa Inggris sebagai "To Dare is To Do. Spurs memiliki perseteruan yang cukup tua dengan klub sekota, Arsenal, dan pertandingan antara Spurs dengan Arsenal terkenal dengan nama Derby London Utara.
Manajemen

Direktur Olahraga:
Pelatih Kepala: Harry Redknapp
Asisten Pelatih:
Pelatih Tim Utama:
Pelatih Pengembangan: Clive Allen
Pelatih Penjaga Gawang: Hans Segers
Direktur Pengembangan Penjaga Gawang: Perry Suckling (sementara)[2]
Pelatih Junior: Alex Inglethorpe
Pelatih Teknik: Ricardo Moniz

as roma

Diposkan oleh king the world


Associazione Sportiva Roma, biasa disebut AS Roma, adalah sebuah klub sepak bola Italia yang bermarkas di Roma. Klub ini berlaga di Seri A.

Sejarah

A.S. Roma didirikan pada musim panas 1927 oleh Italo Foschi dengan cara menggabungkan 3 klub sepak bola dari kota Roma,Italia yaitu Roman FC, SS Alba-Audace dan Fortitudo-Pro Roma SGS. Alasan dari merger ketiga klub ini adalah untuk membentuk sebuah klub sepak bola yang kuat untuk menjadi rival dari klub-klub sepak bola Italia bagian Utara. Namun demikian dari penggabungan ini, ada satu klub di kota Roma waktu itu yang tidak ikut bergabung, yaitu SS Lazio.
[sunting] Prestasi

3 Serie A (1941-1942, 1982-1983 dan 2000-2001)
9 Piala Italia (1963-1964, 1968-1969, 1979-1980, 1980-1981, 1983-1984, 1985-1986, 1990-1991, 2006-2007, 2007-2008);
2 Piala Super Italia (2001 dan 2007)
1 Piala UEFA (1960-1961)


[sunting] Players
[sunting] Current squad

Hingga 31 Agustus 2010.

Catatan: Bendera menunjukkan tim nasional pemain sesuai dengan peraturan FIFA. Pemain dapat saja mempunyai lebih dari satu kewarganegaraan.
No. Pos. Nama
1 Bendera Rumania GK Bogdan Lobonţ (pinjaman dari Dinamo Bucureşti)
3 Bendera Italia DF Paolo Castellini (pinjaman dari Parma)
4 Bendera Brasil DF Juan
5 Bendera Perancis DF Philippe Mexès
7 Bendera Chili MF David Pizarro
8 Bendera Brasil FW Adriano
9 Bendera Montenegro FW Mirko Vučinić
10 Bendera Italia FW Francesco Totti Kapten
11 Bendera Brasil MF Rodrigo Taddei
14 Bendera Perancis MF Ricardo Faty
15 Bendera Italia DF Simone Loria
16 Bendera Italia MF Daniele De Rossi (wk. kapten)
17 Bendera Norwegia DF John Arne Riise

No. Pos. Nama
20 Bendera Italia MF Simone Perrotta
22 Bendera Italia FW Marco Boriello (pinjaman dari Milan)
23 Bendera Italia FW Leandro Greco
24 Bendera Italia FW Alessio Cerci
25 Bendera Argentina DF Guillermo Burdisso (pinjaman dari Rosario Central)
27 Bendera Brasil GK Júlio Sérgio
29 Bendera Argentina DF Nicolás Burdisso
30 Bendera Brasil MF Fabio Simplicio
32 Bendera Brasil GK Doni
33 Bendera Italia MF Matteo Brighi
40 Bendera Rumania GK Alexandru Pena
77 Bendera Italia DF Marco Cassetti
87 Bendera Italia MF Aleandro Rosi
89 Bendera Italia FW Stefano Okaka Chuka
94 Bendera Perancis FW Jeremy Menez
[sunting] Dipinjamkan

Catatan: Bendera menunjukkan tim nasional pemain sesuai dengan peraturan FIFA. Pemain dapat saja mempunyai lebih dari satu kewarganegaraan.
No. Pos. Nama
12 Bendera Italia DF Alessandro Crescenzi (dipinjamkan ke Grosseto)
15 Bendera Portugal DF Vitorino Antunes (dipinjamkan ke Leixões)
26 Bendera Rumania MF Adrian Piţ (dipinjamkan ke Triestina)

No. Pos. Nama
35 Bendera Ghana MF Ahmed Barusso (dipinjamkan ke Brescia)
37 Bendera Italia MF Marco D'Alessandro (dipinjamkan ke Grosseto)
38 Bendera Italia GK Valerio Frasca (dipinjamkan ke Arezzo)
44 Bendera Italia DF Riccardo Brosco (dipinjamkan ke Triestina)
54 Bendera Italia MF Andrea Bertolacci (dipinjamkan ke U.S. Lecce)
[sunting] Staff
Jabatan Penjabat
Pelatih kepala Bendera Italia Vincenzo Montella
Asisten pelatih Bendera Perancis Christian Damiano
Pelatih penjaga gawang Bendera Italia Giorgio Pellizzaro
Asisten teknik Bendera Italia Paolo Benetti
Pelatih fitness fisik Bendera Italia Vito Scala
Pelatih fitness fisik Bendera Italia Riccardo Capanna
Kepala staf kesehatan Bendera Italia Vincenzo Affinito
Masseur Bendera Italia Giorgio Rossi
Direkur untuk Wasit Bendera Italia Vittorio Benedetti
Manajer tim Bendera Italia Salvatore Scaglia
[sunting] Pemasok Kostum dan Sponsor
[sunting] Pemasok Kostum

1970-1971:Lacoste
1977-1979:Adidas
1979-1980:Pouchain
1980-1982:Playground
1982-1983:Patrick
1983-1986:Kappa
1986-1991:NR
1991-1994:Adidas
1994-1997:Asics
1997-2000:Diadora
2000-2003:Kappa
2003-2007:Diadora
2007-kini:Kappa

[sunting] Pemasok Sponsor

1981-1994:Barilla
1994-1997:Nuova Tirrena
1997-2002:INA Assitalia
2002-2005:Mazda
2005-2007:Banca Italease
2007-kini:WIND

[sunting] Jadwal Tim
[sunting] Liga Europa

A.S. Roma 3 - 1 KAA Gent
KAA Gent 1 - 7 A.S. Roma
MFK Kosice 3 - 3 A.S. Roma
A.S. Roma 7 - 1 MFK Kosice
Basel 2 - 0 A.S. Roma
A.S. Roma 2 - 0 CSKA Sofia
Fulham 1 - 1 A.S. Roma
A.S. Roma 2 - 1 Fulham
A.S. Roma 2 - 1 Basel
CSKA Sofia 0 - 3 A.S. Roma
Panathinaikos 3 - 2 A.S. Roma
A.S. Roma 2 - 3 Panathinaikos
A.S. Roma 1 - 3 Basel